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Teeth Extraction: Procedure, Aftercare & Recovery

Teeth extraction, also referred to as tooth extraction, is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the alveolar bone. Teeth are extracted for a variety of reasons including decay that has reached the nerve, infection, or trauma. Teeth can also be extracted for orthodontic reasons such as to make room for braces. Tooth extraction is often considered a last resort when other dental treatments such as fillings and root canal therapy have failed.

There are two main types of tooth extraction: simple and surgical. Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, easily accessed, and require no cutting of the gum tissue or removal of bone. Surgical extractions are performed on teeth that are not visible in the mouth, are impacted (stuck), or require removal of bone or gum tissue to access the tooth.

Table of Contents:

  • The Procedure for Teeth Extraction
  • Risks and Complications
  • After the Teeth Extraction
  • How to Care of Your Teeth After an Extraction
  • How Much Does A Teeth Extraction Cost
  • FAQs About Teeth Extraction

1. The Procedure for Teeth Extraction

If you need a tooth extracted, your dentist will give you a local anesthetic to numb the area. He or she will then use special instruments to remove the tooth. This usually takes just a few minutes. After the tooth is removed, your dentist will clean and stitch up the wound.

A tooth extraction generally follows three general steps:

The first step in a tooth extraction is to numb the area around the tooth with an anesthetic. Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine or Novocain, are typically used. The anesthetic may be delivered via a needle injected into the gum tissue around the tooth, or it may be delivered via a spray.

The second step in a tooth extraction is to loosen the tooth from its socket. This is accomplished by using a dental instrument called a dental pick or explorer. The explorer is inserted into the space between the tooth and the socket and then rotated to loosen the tooth.

The third step in a tooth extraction is to remove the tooth from its socket. This is accomplished by using a dental instrument called a dental forceps. The forceps are placed around the tooth and then rotated to remove it from its socket.

After the tooth is extracted, the area around the extraction site will be cleaned and a stitches may be placed to help promote healing. The entire procedure usually takes just a few minutes.

2. Risks and Complications

Teeth extraction is a common dental procedure that is used to remove a tooth that is damaged or decayed. It can be a painful experience, but with the help of modern anesthetics, it is usually a relatively quick and easy process.

However, there are risks and complications associated with teeth extraction that should be considered before making a decision to have the procedure done. These include:

- Bleeding: A small amount of bleeding is normal after a tooth extraction, but if it persists or becomes excessive, you may need to seek medical attention.

- Swelling: Some swelling is also common after an extraction. You can reduce this by applying ice to the area for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day.

- Infection: A minor infection may occur after a tooth extraction, but if it does not respond to antibiotics, you may need to undergo further treatment.

- Damage to Teeth: There is a risk of damage to adjacent teeth during a tooth extraction. This can often be avoided by using proper technique and taking care when extracting the tooth.

- Numbness: There is a chance of experiencing numbness in the lips and tongue after a tooth extraction. This is usually temporary and will go away over time.

- Pain: You may experience some pain after the procedure. Over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help.

Before you undergo a teeth extraction, be sure to talk to your dentist about the risks and complications involved. This will help you make an informed decision about whether or not the procedure is right for you.

3. After the Teeth Extraction

Once the teeth extraction is complete, you will need to take some time for recovery. You should expect some swelling and discomfort in the area where the tooth was removed. You can take over-the-counter pain medication to help relieve these symptoms. It is also important to keep the area clean and dry. You may need to use a cold compress to reduce swelling.

You should avoid eating anything that could potentially damage the surgical site while it is healing. This includes crunchy or sticky foods, as well as beverages that can stain your teeth. It is also important to avoid smoking, as it can slow down the healing process.

You will need to see your dentist for a follow-up appointment to ensure that the extraction site is healing properly. Once the site has healed, you can discuss options for replacement teeth, such as dental implants. Teeth extractions are a common and relatively simple dental procedure, but it is important to take care of yourself during the recovery process. With proper care, you can expect a full and speedy recovery.

4. How to Care of Your Teeth After an Extraction

If you are having a teeth extraction, it is important to know how to care for your teeth afterward. Here are some tips:

- Rinse your mouth with warm salt water after the extraction.

- Take ibuprofen if you are in pain.

- Apply pressure to the extraction site with a cold compress.

- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.

- Eat soft foods for the first few days after the extraction.

- Brush your teeth gently.

Following these tips will help you to heal quickly and avoid any complications. If you have any questions, be sure to ask your dentist.

5. How Much Does A Teeth Extraction Cost

Teeth extraction can be a fairly routine procedure, but it still requires the expertise of a dental professional. The cost of teeth extraction will vary depending on the dentist, the location, and the type of extraction that is required. However, on average, teeth extraction may cost between $75 and $200.  Teeth extraction is often covered by dental insurance, but it is important to check with your insurance provider to see if they cover the procedure. Teeth extraction may be performed as a standalone procedure or as part of another dental procedure such as braces or dentures. Teeth extraction is a fairly quick and easy procedure, but it is important to follow the aftercare instructions provided by your dentist to ensure a speedy and successful recovery.

6. FAQs About Teeth Extraction

1. How do I know if I need a teeth extraction?

You may need a teeth extraction if you have tooth decay that has reached the nerve, advanced gum disease, or a fractured tooth. Teeth extraction may also be necessary for orthodontic treatment.

2. What are the common reasons for teeth extraction?

Teeth may need to be extracted for a number of reasons, including:
- Teeth that are severely decayed and cannot be saved
- Teeth that are cracked or broken
- Teeth that are impacted and cannot erupt properly
- Teeth that are infected and need to be removed to prevent further infection

3. Are there any alternative treatments to teeth extraction?

In some cases, tooth decay can be treated with a filling or a crown. If a tooth is cracked or broken, it may be repaired with a dental implant or a bridge. If a tooth is impacted, the dentist may try to remove it with an instrument called an elevator. If the tooth is severely decayed, infected, or too damaged to save, it will have to be extracted.

4. How painful is teeth extraction?

Teeth extraction can be a relatively painless procedure. However, some patients may experience discomfort following the procedure. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to relieve any pain or swelling.

5. Is there anything I can do to prepare for a teeth extraction?

Prior to having your teeth extracted, your dentist may ask you to stop taking blood thinners and/or aspirin. You will also need to fast for several hours before the procedure.

6. How can I avoid needing a teeth extraction?

You can avoid needing a teeth extraction by practicing good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. You should also avoid smoking and using tobacco products, as these can increase your risk of tooth decay and gum disease.


Teeth extraction is a common dental procedure that is performed to remove teeth that are damaged, decayed, or impacted. There are several reasons why teeth may need to be extracted, including infection, gum disease, and damage from trauma. The benefits of teeth extraction include improved oral health, relief from pain and discomfort, and prevention of further dental problems. There are also some alternatives to teeth extraction that may be available depending on the situation. If you are considering having a tooth extracted, book a consultation with our team so we can discuss your individual needs. We offer affordable prices and payment plans to make the procedure more accessible for everyone.

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